Environment & Ecology

Environmental Repurcussions of Development in Pakistan

About the Authors Arif Hasan was born in Delhi (India), in 1943, and migrated with his parents to Karachi (Pakistan) in 1947, where he has lived since then. He studied architecture at the Oxford Polytechnic,...

The Changing Face of Karachi

With its chaotic traffic, haphazard planning rampant encroachments, the once elegant and sophisticated heart of Karachi has changed dramatically over the years. Where there were once magnificent sandstone structures, there are now commercial plazas, warehouses...

General Environmental Facilitation (GEF) Small Grants Programme for Pakistan: Assessment of conditions and recommendations

Consultancy Objectives and Scope of Work The GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) Pakistan is one of the 30 pilot countries for the GEF-SGP. The Programme aims at supporting NGO projects that deal with the following...

Lyari Expressway – The Envionmental Cost of the Lyari Expressway

A proposal to build an elevated expressway over the length of the Lyari river from Mauripur Road to Sohrab Goth was promoted in 1990 by a Karachi NGO. From newspaper reports and seminar presentations one...

Evaluation of the Karachi Coastal Management Plan

Development Objectives The development objectives of tile Project were a) to improve the recreational opportunities available to residents of Karachi; b) to strengthen land-use planning for the development of the coastline of Karachi: c)  to build environmental conservation...

A Decade of Urban Decay

During the 1980s, Pakistan’s urban population increased from 28.3 to 31.2 percent of its total population. Expressed in these terms, the increase does not seem excessive. However, what these figures mean is that in the...

The Death of the Indus Delta

Before the development of the Punjab canal colonies at the turn of the century and the construction of barrages for irrigation purposes between 1932 and 1960, the Indus discharged at an average, over 200,000 cusecs...

Environmental Profile of Coastal Communities

The coastal talukas for the most part form part of the Indus delta. This area consists fo the Indus distributaries which discharge into numerous creeks that criss-cross the shore. All settlements are on the mud...

Tharparkar – A Man Made Disaster

The three year drought in Tharparkar, which has impoverished the people and the soil of the desert as never before in known history, has come to an end. It has rained heavily and the desert...

Comprehensive Assessment of Drought and Famine in Sind Arid Zones

This report is the result of a joint assessment undertaken by the Government of Sind, and UNICEF (Pakistan) and Save the Childrens Fund (SCF) UK. The assessment team consisted of Philippe Heffinck, Resident Officer, UNICEF...

A Pedestrian’s Saddar

On February 3, 1839, the HMS Wellesley bombarded the Fort of Manora. In the space of three hours the western arm of the fort was destroyed, and Karachi was enveloped in a cloud of smoke....

Water Assessment Reports for UNICEF

This report is the result of a request by UNICEF to evaluate the design concept and technical details of the BIAD/UNICEF Water Supply and Sanitation Programme for Balochistan. To make this evaluation possible, the Pir...

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