Environment & Ecology

The Death of the Indus Delta

This is not a technical paper. It consists primarily of observations regarding the changes that have occurred in the physical and social environment of the delta region in my life time. As a child and...

Lyari Expressway Controversy

PREAMBLE The Northern Bypass was proposed by the Karachi Master Plan 1975-85. If the bypass had been built, all port related traffic, which now passes through the city, would have been redirected through it to...

No to the Lyari Expressway

The immense humanitarian disaster (physical, social and economic) that is being created as a result of the building of the Lyari Expressway has been covered by the press. Urban planning considerations for and against the...

Understanding Karachi: Planning and Reform for the Future

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Lyari expressway: Concerns of the URC

SUMMARY Many thousand families live in and along the Lyari River bed which is really a sewage channel except when it rains. The majority of the families within the bed work in garbage collecting and...

The Northern Bypass and the Lyari Expressway

The Northern Bypass was proposed by the Karachi Master Plan 1975-85. If the bypass had been built, all port related traffic which now passes through the city, would have been redirected through it to the...

Illegality and The Built Environment in Karachi

(Illegality has been put in parenthesis in the title and the text, because laws are strange things. Thousands of people were convicted under built environment related apartheid laws in South Africa and Israeli law and...

Karachi’s Traffic: The Infrastructure Issues

Traffic jams are becoming common in Karachi. Their main cause is the absence of effective traffic management. However, congestion on Karachi roads can be considerably reduced, management made much easier and environmental degradation for the...

Planning for Karachi: An Agenda for Citizens and NGOs

Planning, like politics, is the art of the possible. Therefore, planning can only be effective if it relates to the social, economic and political reality of the society and region it is meant for. For...

The KMTP and its Impact on the Urban Landscape of Karachi

The Karachi Mass Transit Project (KMTP) has been planned by the Karachi Mass Transit Cell (KMTC) of the Karachi Development Authority (KDA) and World Bank consultants. It is to be built on a Build Operate...

Evaluation of the Community Development Work at Rehri Carried out by the Coastal Ecosystem Unit (IUCN)

Introduction The Indus delta region is said to contain the largest expanse of arid land mangroves in the world. They are dependent on the river Indus for their fresh water requirements. These mangroves are under...

User Charges for Rural Water Supply in the Punjab

Fifty seven percent of Pakistan’s population lives in the Punjab; in 1988 the rural population of province was estimated to be 39.4 million. The rural growth rate in the 5 year plan documents is shown...

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