Infrastructure

Rural Sanitation

Before pop­u­la­tion den­si­ties increased, san­i­ta­tion was not a major envi­ron­men­tal and health prob­lem for the rural areas. Vil­lages were small and most peo­ple went out into the fields to answer the call of nature. The...

The Scaling-Up of the OPP’s Low Cost Sanitation Programme Through CBO-NGO-Local Government Partnerships in Pakistan

The objective of the project was to understand the problems of Orangi and their causes; through action research develop solutions that people can manage finance and build; provide people with technical guidance and managerial support to implement the solutions; in the process overcome constraints that governments face in upgrading katchi abadis

Towards a Drainage System for Karachi

As predicted in various newspaper articles, research monographs by Karachi academics and professionals and NGO researchers and activists, the monsoons have devastated the city. They will devastate the city again, irrespective of how much money...

Technology and Social Issues

There are three key terms in the topic of this seminar. These are (1) research and development (R&D), (2) low income housing / shelter and (3) appropriate technologies. All three terms are closely related to...

Understanding Karachi: Planning and Reform for the Future

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Integrating Garbage Recycling Activities into a Solid Waste Management System

Abstract Solid waste recycling and its related activities are informally very much a part of the solid waste management process in Karachi. These activities provide jobs to over 55,000 families involved in collecting, sorting, buying,...

Integrating Recycling and Disposal System for Solid Waste Management in Karachi

It is estimated that the city of Karachi generates 6,000 tonnes of solid waste every day. Of this 600 tonnes of recycleable waste per day is separated at source by housewives, domestic servants, market employees...

Karachi: An aspect of Social Change

During the last decade the nature and type of people who visit the various recreational areas of Karachi like the Manora Beach, Sea View, Hill Park and various locations outside of Karachi such as Kalri...

Working with Communities

This book documents the work of the Orangi Pilot Project-Research & Training Institute (OPP-RTI) with CBOs and NGOs in replicating its low cost sanitation programme which originated in the lanes and neighbourhood of Orangi in...

Housing for the Poor

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Scaling Up of the Orangi Pilot Project Programmes: Successes, Failures and Potential

In Karachi, where Orangi is located, the OPP, on the basis of its 20 years work with communities, has become involved in developing city level alternatives to government plans and is pressing for these alternatives to become policy.

The Work of the Anjuman Samaji Behbood and the Larger Faisalabad Context

In September 1988, Diana Mitlin of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), UK, suggested that I carry out a study on the scaling up of the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP). I informed her...

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