Water & Sanitation

Housing for the Poor

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The Work of the Anjuman Samaji Behbood and the Larger Faisalabad Context

In September 1988, Diana Mitlin of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), UK, suggested that I carry out a study on the scaling up of the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP). I informed her...

Increasing Coverage and Quality of Sanitation Provision: Lessons Learnt Through the Work of The Orangi Pilot Project

Major government plans for the sector are invariably designed and funded by foreign sources. They disregard the functional systems built by communities and municipal councilors as they consider them to be substandard in engineering terms. They try to rehabilitate the deep sewer systems and increase the capacity of the treatment plants that they are linked to. In addition, they lay deep self cleansing trunks along the roads to the existing treatment plants.

Urban Poverty Alleviation – Policy Orientation

Poverty alleviation is a term and concept that is being used, discussed and applied in a big way in Pakistan for the last couple of years. This term is creating a mindset that increasingly ignores the causes of poverty and seeks only to address their effects.

Lessons Learnt: Increasing Coverage and Quality of Sanitation Provision

The OPP began work in Orangi in 1980. It observed that people invested large sums in building soak-pits and bucket latrines for sanitation purposes. They invariably desired the development of an underground sewage system for their lanes and neighbourhoods.


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Working with Government

The success of OPP’s extensive low cost sanitation programme in Karachi’s working class settlement of Orangi demonstrates that low income communities can finance and manage the construction of an underground sanitation system at the neighbourhood...

Housing Crisis in Central Asia

Independent states have emerged in Central Asia following the collapse of the Soviet Union. The media has paid considerable attention to the larger economic and social aspects of the transition of these states from a...

Report of the Follow-up ACHR Mission to Central Asia

In February and March of 1996, an Asian Coalition for Housing Rights (ACHR) Mission, consisting of Father Jorge Anzorena and Arif Hasan, visited Almaty and Bishkek at the request of DIA and HIC. DIA funded...

Urban Housing Policies and Approaches in a Changing Asian Context

Major changes are taking place in Asia, both at the macro level and “on the ground”. Liberalisation of the economy, strategic readjustment, the tourist and manufacturing boom and large scale demographic changes are creating both...

The Housing Crisis in Central Asia

Background to the Mission  Dutch Inter church Aid (DIA) has been working with problems related to homelessness and informal settlements in Almaty and Bishkek. In early 1995 it felt that it required professional advise on...

Participation By Whom?

Residents of informal settlements in Pakistan invest large sums of money in acquiring water and sanitation through community efforts. Where de-facto or de-jure tenure security exists, this investment is much larger. In the initial stages,...

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