Orangi Pilot Project & Urban Resource Center
Increasing Coverage and Quality of Sanitation Provision: Lessons Learnt Through the Work of The Orangi Pilot Project
Major government plans for the sector are invariably designed and funded by foreign sources. They disregard the functional systems built by communities and municipal councilors as they consider them to be substandard in engineering terms. They try to rehabilitate the deep sewer systems and increase the capacity of the treatment plants that they are linked to. In addition, they lay deep self cleansing trunks along the roads to the existing treatment plants.
A lot of information regarding urban conditions and processes is developed by NGOs, CBOs, professional institutions and academia. This information is scattered; it is very different in nature from official information; it does not get publicised and nor is it easily available; and it does not feed into the official planning process or for awareness-raising.
Government, International Agencies and OPP Collaboration for the Replication of OPP‘S Low Cost Sanitation Programme
Orangi Township is the largest squatter settlement in Karachi. It is spread over 8,000 acres and has a population of about 900,000 living in 94,122 houses.
In the last century massive social, political and demographic changes have taken place in the Third World due to colonial occupation, the industrial revolution and its global repercussions, and the nature and aspirations of the post-World War two liberation movements and their geo-political alignments.
In 1984, 31.2 percent of Pakistan’s population lived in urban centres. By 2000 this figure is expected to increase to 40 percent due to an annual population growth rate of 4.4 percent in the urban...