Orangi Pilot Project & Urban Resource Center

Akhtar Hameed Khan and the Orangi Pilot Project

Dr. Akhtar Hameed Khan, father of the Comilla Cooperatives and the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP), both internationally renowned development models, died in the United States on October 08, 1999. To carry on his life’s work...

Increasing Coverage and Quality of Sanitation Provision: Lessons Learnt Through the Work of The Orangi Pilot Project

Major government plans for the sector are invariably designed and funded by foreign sources. They disregard the functional systems built by communities and municipal councilors as they consider them to be substandard in engineering terms. They try to rehabilitate the deep sewer systems and increase the capacity of the treatment plants that they are linked to. In addition, they lay deep self cleansing trunks along the roads to the existing treatment plants.

Akhter Hameed Khan and the OPP

The Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) was established in 1980 by Akhtar Hameed Khan with support from the then BCCI Foundation. The Project has attracted international attention and acclaim since it overcomes the major financial, technical...

The Rationale behind the Urban Resource Centre Concept

A lot of information regarding urban conditions and processes is developed by NGOs, CBOs, professional institutions and academia. This information is scattered; it is very different in nature from official information; it does not get publicised and nor is it easily available; and it does not feed into the official planning process or for awareness-raising.

Lessons Learnt: Increasing Coverage and Quality of Sanitation Provision

The OPP began work in Orangi in 1980. It observed that people invested large sums in building soak-pits and bucket latrines for sanitation purposes. They invariably desired the development of an underground sewage system for their lanes and neighbourhoods.


The blurb for this book is in Urdu. Please click on the thumbnail below for a clearer view and explanation of the book.

Participation By Whom?

Residents of informal settlements in Pakistan invest large sums of money in acquiring water and sanitation through community efforts. Where de-facto or de-jure tenure security exists, this investment is much larger. In the initial stages,...

Government, International Agencies and OPP Collaboration for the Replication of OPP‘S Low Cost Sanitation Programme

Orangi Township is the largest squatter settlement in Karachi. It is spread over 8,000 acres and has a population of about 900,000 living in 94,122 houses.

The “Barefoot” Architect

In the last century massive social, political and demographic changes have taken place in the Third World due to colonial occupation, the industrial revolution and its global repercussions, and the nature and aspirations of the post-World War two liberation movements and their geo-political alignments.

The Katchi Abadi Syndrome and the Shelter Sector in Pakistan

In 1984, 31.2 percent of Pakistan’s population lived in urban centres. By 2000 this figure is expected to increase to 40 percent due to an annual population growth rate of 4.4 percent in the urban...

The Low Cost Sanitation Programme of the OPP

The Low Cost Sanitation Programme was the first programme of the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP). As a result of its research and extension effort 1683 lanes out of 3052 lanes have acquired an underground drainage...

OPP Six Questions

This paper will limit itself to answering a number of questions which have been raised by professionals, social workers and the public at large.

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