Karachi – The Land Issue


Karachi – The Land Issue

Karachi is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. It is Pakistan’s only port and the major contributor to the country’s economy. In addition, it is also a diverse city with its population politically divided along ethnic lines. These three factors make the urban land and that on the city’s fringe a highly contested commodity: federal, provincial, and local land-owning agencies, corporate sector interests, formal and informal developers, international capital, and military cantonments compete for control and for extracting maximum value from it. The victims of this battle for turf and profits are the city’s social and physical environment and its low and lower middle-income groups.

This book deals with the history, evolution, and present day realities around who owns land, its legal and illegal acquisition, land-use conversions and development, the actors involved and their relationship with each other and with the public at large, the often violent conflicts that take place in this process and the measures that can be taken to regulate the land market for the creation of a better urban environment and for providing homes to its less privileged.


  1. Dr. Ayaz Hasan

    Dear Dr. Arif Hasan sahab, I am impressed with your article about water crisis situation analysis and rational solutions. As landuse issues are related with water issues, so I request you to send a link to download a copy of your book Land issue in Karachi. I will appreciate for that,
    Regards, Dr. Ayaz Hasan, dastagir karachi.

    Posted September 26, 2018 at 5:33 am | PermalinkReply
    • Arif Hasan

      Dear Dr. Ayaz Hasan,

      Unfortunately, the book is not available on the web. However, you can download from the IIED website a report titled ‘Land ownership, control, and contestation in Karachi. And implications for low-income housing’.

      Posted January 21, 2019 at 1:33 pm | PermalinkReply

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